W3C Standard Explained:
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the intentional standards organization for the World Wide Web (W3). It is a consortium where member organizations sustain a full-time staff for the purpose of further developing standards for the W3.
As of February 2008, the W3C had 434 members. The W3C also engages in education and outreach programs, creates software and serves as an open forum for discussion regarding Web related issues. In accordance with the W3C Process Document, a “Recommendation” progresses through five levels:
1. Working Draft (WD)
2. Last Call Working Draft
3. Candidate Recommendation (CR)
4. Proposed Recommendation (PR)
5. W3C Recommendation (REC)
W3C allows the manufacturers to follow the “Recommendations.” There are several parameters that define levels of conformity, which must be followed by the manufacturers if they want to label themselves W3C-compliant. Like the standards of many organizations, W3C recommendations are sometimes only partially implemented. The Recommendations fall under the auspices of a royalty-free patent license, allowing access to all.
The Consortium is dually administratively managed by both the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) in the United States, The Keio University (in Japan) and the European Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics (ERICM is Sophia Antipolis France). There are sixteen regions around the world in which the W3C has World Offices. The W3C works with local Web communities to promote W3C technologies in local languages, strengthen W3C’s geographic/demographic base, and encourages international participation in W3C activities.
Many industry sources have criticized the W3C as being dominated by large international conglomerates and thus writing standards that are in their best interest.
Another problem related to W3C standards is their lack of systematic formality. Even though these recommendations contain detailed syntax for the languages they specify, they lack the formal interpretation of syntactic constructs, which is provided only in English. These explanations are sometimes difficult to comprehend because of their ambiguity.
These problems could easily be avoided if the W3C developed semantics. Advancements in this area allow for a deeper meaning of a language, allowing people to prove properties and even aiding the development of future versions of the language. To their detriment this approach was not adopted by the W3C working groups that persist in maintaining the English language style.
To make the web site search engine friendly, BayTech Web Design will use W3C standard to check the page by page of your web site.
Use http://validator.w3.org/ to check the markup (HTML, XHTML, …) of web documents.